The Barnett Shale 
  Chris Sanders drilling the Barnett Shale - For Lease information call (310) 497-4308
The Barnett Shale is a natural gas source bed rock that stretches over 16 to 21 North Texas counties and is still actively being discovered.  Its 6,000 + square-mile reservoir is already the second largest producing on-shore domestic natural gas field in the United States after the San Juan Basin in New Mexico and Colorado. At three different times spread out by 100 million years, Texas was actually a shallow ocean that stretched up the central plains and even carried up into and through Canada.  The first 100 feet of ocean is considered the Photo Eukaric Zone since light can penetrate the first 100 feet.  With light and heat being a factor in this shallow body of water we can assume these oceans had a huge phytoplankton and zooplankton population and with that, massive coral reef beds were created by filtering the massive plankton population.  This was the environment in most of Texas some 300 to 600 million years ago as the ocean came in and out at least three different times in the Fort Worth Basin.  The Barnett Shale gas field was discovered by wildcatters in the early 1950's who were pioneering the Conglomerate, Marble Falls, Pregnant Shale, and Strawn Zones.

The technology to produce from The Barnett Shale did not evolve until 1980. This is the first area in the entire world where we are pioneering the art of producing natural gas from a source bed rock and it is alive and anaerobic. 

Chris Sanders has revolutionized the art of turning CO2 into Oxygen and Natural Gas while simultaneously reducing CO2 in the atmosphere the result is the first "circle of life" between our ecosystem and the petroleum anaerobic bacterial world. The vast majority of the industry is unconcerned with the oxygen output, CO2 reduction, or the circle of life, instead an industry wide success rate of 97% and 5% of the nations natural gas supply make this field the most active onshore drilling play in the United States.

Texas Environmental Energy Group, Inc. - Bob Jacobs, Yan Birch, & Chris Sanders
Texas Environmental Energy Group, Inc. - (TEEG)

 In fact, in every other area of the world, every drop of oil and natural gas has already escaped from the source and has been actively working its way on up to the surface only to be trapped by structure and horizons of geological time zones.  In these upper production zones, a degree of permeability and porosity must exist so that we can produce from the formation.  The Barnett Shale has almost no porosity and no permeability which was the reason why until now source bed rocks have not been produced from.  Therefore it is safe to say that these explorers will spread their knowledge of source bed rock stimulation and production throughout the world. So what is going on here in Texas is extremely different because every operator and producer here is a pioneer in the most advanced cutting edge and active play in the world.

 

 


Shale consists of very fine grained particles of quartz and clay minerals.  It is consolidated mud that has been deposited in lakes, seas, inland oceans, and other similar environments.  About,  forty five (45%) percent of all exposed sedimentary rocks are shales. 

Organic Sedimentary Rocks are formed from organic debris.  It is the deposit of once-living organisms all collected and sealed into a medley of what once was. (shells, corals, calcareous algae, wood, plants, bones etc.)  Although they are a form of clastic rock, organic rocks tend to contain a larger amount of immaculately preserved fossils, which laid down near the place where the animal, coral, plant, or plankton once lived.  

As the rocky mountains formed, several separate ocean beds were created in the state of Texas and are identified as The Delaware Basin, The Permian Basin and The Fort Worth Basin. The Barnett Shale is in the Fort Worth Basin and because of its maturity and age we are able to frackture and produce from this blanket formation. The Permian basin sets an example from its exploration history and research being from coral reef beds itself.  The word "frack" is used as a term out on the oil patch that describes our ability to frackture and stimulate zones horizontally by creating new channels and areas while increasing the porosity and permeability of an area out side of the production pipe we have just perforated.  Perforating is shooting through the production casing and into our zone.  In this case the "Barnett Shale Zone" is the organic settlement of life itself proving the theories of oceans, ice ages, volcanoes, and meteorite impacts.  However, this field is completely different in many aspects.  This ancient shallow ocean in which the Barnett Shale is believed to be divided in two zones; the upper and lower Barnett Shale. By producing and reviewing logs in the primary core of the Barnett shale I have noticed three zones; this proves three flooding events.  Under the primary core and three layers you will find a thick layer of obsidian (obsidian is a blackish translucent glass). This is probably the result of a meteorite impact in conjunction with several triggered volcanic eruptions, which then caused the ice ages and eventually the oceans.  The first two ocean occurrences were closer together in time and defined as the "lower zone"; the third one spanned at least 100 million years later which is now called the "upper zone".
 

Barnett Shale discoveries by The Natural Gas Group - 940-231-8333

Time zones are geologically missing from this shale area, which perplexes others as to what happened to this time frame in the Barnett Shale.  My only assumption is that the oceans continually existed in this time and either eroded or absorbed the span of these missing formations.  We have three faults and three times that the ocean came in and out of the Fort Worth Basin spread out over 300-700 million years we also have three vertical faults in the shale.  Unlike most formations these Barnett Shale faults are areas to avoid because they are incapable of producing any gas or form of production such as the Muenster Arch Basin fault zone.   Add plate tectonic action and 200 million more years for maturity and we have our current situation today. At the core area of the Barnett Shale we find the third zone in this shale which is the existence of the first ocean sediment itself. Also in this lower level there is more maturity and higher levels of gas and condensate with a higher (BTU) British Thermal Unit rating.

barnett shale oil in tanks

Obsidian is found underneath this third layer proving some meteorite and volcanic activity before the creation of these oceans.  The northern and older part of the Barnett Shale between Denton and Decatur produces a higher 1278-BTU rating as we follow the Shale south to Fort Worth the BTU drops to 966-BTU.  I have noticed that some operators are only successful in certain areas and most of this has to do with their frack techniques in conjunction with either the low BTU or High BTU areas. CO2 stimulation is what I would scientifically recommend to induce breathing in an anaerobic organic environment. Major oil companies have decided to concentrate in different areas of this shale and even other new shale discoveries because of their different frackturing techniques, beliefs, discoveries, and abilities. By inducing the anaerobic environment with CO2 we stimulate oxygen and natural gas.  We can then separate the natural gas into Hydrogen and CO2 we then use the Hydrogen and return the "CO2" to the "anaerobic bacteria environment" to produce more "Oxygen" and more "Natural Gas"; the result is the first major "circle of life" between our ecosystem and sustainable natural gas production in the Barnett Shale.

The reason for failure in the Barnett Shale Play is simple.  Spacing and depth are the essentials in producing from this zone.  A fine layer of obsidian covers the Ellenberger Zone which must be watched and avoided. 60 acre spacing seems to be a common norm for safety in vertical wells.  If a well hits the Ellenberger it will produce water and we consider the well "Killed".  Horizontal wells require at least 4 times the normal spacing.  Problems: If one of the fracktures goes into the Ellenberger Zone which is below the Barnett Shale then all of the gas will follow the path of least resistance and flow into the Ellenberger zone which is mainly water here in this area.  Certain new companies have learned how to find this gas now trapped in the Ellenberger and are working on a purification process which extracts all of the gases and precious metals from the water. Some of the water will be used to maintain the water level of Lake Bridgeport.

if your property is in one of these counties call (940) 300-4001 for help with oil and gas lease information

What is creating all of this gas and why is it considered a source bed rock?  The Shale is basically compacted organic composition and living at a high temperature.  Inside this compacted shale we find that it has life and that there is anaerobic bacteria feeding on a decomposed coral reef shale producing gas.  The bacteria I believe lives in an anaerobic environment and can be stimulated with CO2, the bacteria in turn is stimulated and literally excretes methane.  However the rock is so dense that a lot of the gas stays trapped uniformly perfect and even in the rock.  What happens with this other gas that leaves through the surface of the shale?  It rises and is trapped in other structures and feeds other zones such as the conglomerate.  Most of these zones were discovered before we discovered the shale because we did not go deeper.  The Barnet Shale is about at 8900 to 8400 feet deep along highway 380 in between Denton and Decatur Texas.  We know that the ocean  / Ellenberger is at around 8000' - 10,000' here. The inorganic theory suggests that petroleum can come from an inorganic- or nonliving source; this theory has failed to produce a single drop of oil or natural gas.  The Barnett Shale is 100% percent organic and produced from an organic source ( an old dead ocean) it is like having a huge anaerobic digester trapped miles deep and if maintained correctly could last indefinitely.  I use the earth itself as an anaerobic digester much like the one below - but instead of building a container at the surface - I use the shale very much in the same fashion except 7,000 - 10,0000 deep.  Truthfully, many cities could take advantage of this same principle using large Carsts or Caverns in connection with the cities sewage systems - the results would immediately produce usable gas just like we are doing in the shale.  Look at the anaerobic digester below using cotton hulls it can power over 300 homes in Texas -talk about a use for waste!

anarobic digester
anarobic digester



The United States Geological Survey estimates that the entire Barnett Shale field contains 27 trillion cubic feet of gas.  Estimates of the size of Barnett Shale’s reserves are rapidly increasing; the field is starting to make a big impact on the nation’s gas business at a time of declining domestic production and projections of rising demand. Gas executives predict that the current production of 1.5 billion cubic feet a day — 2.5 percent of the national output — has the potential to climb to 3 billion to 4 billion cubic feet a day in a few years.  New discoveries in the "outer fringes" of the shale define as what Mr. Jim Leatherwood calls "the Paleo landscape" this term correctly defines the reason for success and failure due to the result of the ancient ocean's floor and channel contour. The "Paleo landscape" is now the wildcatters frontier in the Barnett shale. 

Questions and concerns?  Extremely high gas pressures leak into shallow to deep fresh ground water fields.  The problem.  The annulus in between the production casing and the earth / dirt or ground itself creates a passageway for gas to escape into different horizons.  Gas can work its way up a small channel that can develop in between the production casing and the dirt we call this channel the annulus this channel can grow because of extreme lower gas zone pressures and poison large shallow fresh water reserves.  Is there a solution?  Yes!  In Artesia New Mexico they noticed a great natural resource early on with their artesian fresh water springs - they did not want to contaminate their naturally carbonated water.  So, they cement around the pipe the whole way down destroying the annulus.  Yes its more expensive, but water is really more of a precious resource than gas.

The Interstate I-35 E was the edge of this ocean and as a result it is the edge of the Barnett Shale Zone.  A history of the drilling activity teaches us that the "primary zone" of this Barnett Shale is in between Denton and Decatur Texas stretching down to Fort Worth Texas.  We know that the zone is thicker and richer in natural gas the further north in the Barnett shale and has a higher BTU rating @1200 and the further south towards Fort Worth we find a BTU rating @ 996.  Unlike other source beds we have learned to avoid the fault lines that exist because they do not produce gas and are accurately mapped by geo map on active production in the area.  

Frank Dux the legendary world champion martial arts Bloodsport & Kumite master is using money from the Barnett Shale to save the rainforests and children throughout the world.  The three men run Dux Inc. and are Asian Ambassadors for the Clean World Wide Water Plan.  The plan combines solar panels and wind generators which feed water dehumidifiers for constant clean water and constant hydrogen energy. These three men not only hold the key to world wide freedom but they educate everyone about the answer to save everyone by providing clean water to every child, animal, crop, and city throughout the world, by using the sun, the wind, and commercial dehumidifiers together as the sustainable solution.  The water extracted in the atmosphere is the cleanest water ever tested according to the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).  The cost of water extraction is free because of sustainable integration (solar & wind) the results are the keys to world wide freedom and peace.  The technology is the exact reverse of what is done in the Barnett shale to stimulate anaerobic life.

The most interesting thing about this Barnett Shale is how solid it is.  Typically when we measure for permeability or porosity we calculate in darceys as a form of measurement.  However, in the Barnett Shale we calculate our porosity and permeability in anchstroms or shall I say, atomic measure.  This means that the shale is so tight that gas has a hard time escaping it.  Drilling through the shale is like drilling through a Brunswick pool table or bowling ball.  Yet we find several interesting factors in the shale itself such as micro fractures that travel from the north east to the southwest.  We use these micro fractures when we horizontally drill to utilize the structure in combination with the multi stage frac job.  Halliburton has several multi frac techniques that will literally amaze you.  Using micro radio transmission devices and special fluids the company is literally able to follow each fracture in amazing detail. You get what you pay for and horizontal frac jobs can go easily between 4$ and 12$ million.  Devon itself claims that the work itself is very costly and still an educational process.  James Hall of Devon is leading the industry in horizontal production discoveries and results.

Many smaller operators are experiencing the same dramatic results using standard old vertical techniques and open hole completions. Open hole completions?  Yes, you heard me right.  The shale is so very solid that it is more stable than what we could put down there and it allows us to cover more area.  The trick in developing this field is spacing.  60 acre's seems to be a safe space for wells in the Barnett Shale.  Many of the majors have killed off some of their nearby wells by drilling to close or having a huge horizontal with a bad frack job cross flood the area.  The trick in this field is not finding the zone - its not getting greedy.  If you pass the Barnett Shale you have entered the ocean you hit the ocean you ruined your project.  Engineers, be ready to spot obsidian which covers the Ellenberger Zone- the zone you must avoid.  If a nearby well hits the ocean and has fractured into your zone that well has just ruined your production region. That gas will shoot out into the ocean instead of up your hole.

George Mitchell pioneered the lower Barnett Shale and Devon has seen its capital gain merely by perforating the upper zones in their existing wells.  However, I believe a majority of their wells were slim hole completed- making a rework not an option.  Nevertheless, this company holds about 75% of the Barnett Shale and its Oil and Gas Leases by production.  The story of this Barnett Shale and its production evolution actually began with the early Texas wildcatters that discovered the area and defined the conglomerate.  

The most successful wildcatter in Texas history is my father, C.W. Sanders (32°) with a wildcat success rate of 87.5% in the days before advanced  3D seismic technology.  He used two very conventional methods for drilling success; one he coined "lineology", whereas you would draw a straight line between two good wells and create a location.  The other involved taking off into the air which was common for us back in the seventies and eighties and then spotting a location from a birds eye perspective which then led to us chasing the cattle off of some dirt road in the middle of nowhere before  making a location.  He is an amazing pilot and would fly high in the sky to get a birds eye view which allowed him to examine the remains of the prehistoric oceans that once covered the lands and since all natural gas and oil comes from the remains of these dead prehistoric oceans this gave us a perfect view because from up above you can see the fault lines, and where the ocean edges existed at different times. He discovered the outer most fringes of these ocean channels later defined as the conglomerate zone which he revealed were fed by an organic source- today it is called the Barnett Shale.

B. Caldwell, C.W. Sanders, Chris Sanders and H. Sinclair

This picture was taken in 1979, in the back stands Texas legendary golden wildcatter C.W. Sanders as he discovered evidence of this Barnett Shale in his logs.  The kid in the picture is me 27 years ago and even at this age I had witnessed my father drill countless successful wildcat wells even in areas now considered to be the core of the Barnett Shale.  Even then my father was questioning ways to produce from this zone - however because of production technology at the time and  returns we stimulated zones which were higher in porosity and permeability - something that the Barnett Shale does not have. So we produced the gas that had already escaped the Barnett Shale - trapped under structure and ready to burst - this "conglomerate zone" was an exciting early discovery that was ready to be produced and defined.  "Chris this Barnett Shale is the source bed rock for natural gas" - my father has been saying this since 1974.


C.W. Sanders with his son Chris Sanders back in the seventies
Chris Sanders with his son Eden Sanders in 2007

My son Eden Sanders will be learning the ropes from me making us three generations in oil and gas production.

Currently - we are exploring four other shale discoveries in two other areas of Texas and in Colorado and Oklahoma.
 

Chris Sanders chris.sanders@yahoo.com

(if you are using Internet Explorer and happen to hear the music on this page
it is my Piano music - I hope you enjoy it)

If you have a new lease or acreage available and would like to have it reviewed for our projects or modified for any reason such as surface sentimental reasons please e-mail: Please include the county, acreage, abstract numbers, and previous leases if any.

  Rich Green is the majestic 64 driller for Sanco Operating Company

If you have Minerals or are able to execute an Oil & Gas lease in the Barnett Shale please contact us as there are many oil and gas companies ready to drill in this highly active and successful area. (Currently, I am working on expanding the Barnett Shale to the north in Wise and Montague and to the west in Jack and Palo Pinto.  - ( I am interested in anything in Denton (west of 1-35), Archer, Clay, Cooke, Denton, Jack, Johnson, Montague, Palo Pinto, Parker, Tarrant, Wichita, and Wise county Texas.)  In Arkansas we will pursue a 30,000 acre study of the shale where we will duplicate some of our fracturing techniques on this new discovery that I call "the circle of life" because we create oxygen from our friends the anaerobic bacteria that breath in CO2 and breathe out O2 while producing NG - the Barnett Shale is a living anaerobic digester.  

This picture received the AAPL Landman in Action first place award 2005 - Chris Sanders and Jeanette Williams conducting title work on a Sanco Operating Company Lease (H.B.P.) held by production  in Wise County Texas. Photo by Sage Li

The Paleo Landscape and the Birth of the Barnett Shale began with the defining of the Fort Worth Basin and also the Conglomerate Zone discovered by early Wildcatters such as Coke Gage, P. Ellenberger, T.B. Pickens, George Mitchell, Norman Stovall, C.W. "Chuck" Sanders, Frank Pitts, F.M. "Doc" Wigington, and William ZuHone. But George Mitchell discovered how to stimulate this zone and with that and the established conglomerate zone above it a blanket coverage was quickly defined to be the "Barnett Shale".  It was soon later known through science that this layer was in fact responsible for feeding the above zones with natural gas and that this was in fact the source bed rock.

Sanders pulling unit crew in the Permian Basin - CO's Unit 1959-1 / Billy Dunivan  (Bennie, Tony and Mike Bulluck)


Mitchell Energy / George Mitchell was acquired by Devon in January 2002, and began developing the Barnett Shale in the Fort Worth Basin in the northeast sector of central Texas in 1981. His down hole man F.M. Wigington a.k.a. "Doc" has now teamed up with the Natural Gas Group, Organic Inc., and Dedica and is expected to begin production in southern Jack County early in 2006. This team along with William Zuhone of Dedica have the most experience in the shale today.   The Mississippian-age Barnett Shale is one of the most uniform stratigraphic units in the basin, outcropping along the flanks of the Llano uplift in central Texas, where it is about 30 to 50 feet thick. The Barnett Shale dips gently and thickens to the north, reaching a maximum depth of around 8,900 feet and a maximum width of almost 1,000 feet near the Texas-Oklahoma border.

Large fracktures in the Barnett Shale are created by tectonic stresses created after deposition about 300 million years ago. Huge grids of small sized fracktures extend northeast southwest across the area, but could not be produced until onset of newer frackturing techniques. Barnett Shale production was first established in the Newark East Field in Wise and Denton counties, where it grew from less than one billion cubic feet of gas from 25 wells in 1985 to 19.2 billion cubic feet from 306 wells in 1995. During the past five years, production has more than doubled to 40.6 billion cubic feet from over 500 wells.

The Barnett Shale is really only to the west of I-35 and leaves Dallas County pretty much out of the play.  Chris Sanders has created several new entities which all demand earth friendly and sustainable projects that are combined into his Barnett Shale projects.  The new family geared to save the children on the planet are called Sustainable Angels.  Sanders Drilling is now negotiating a drilling program with 1.7 million acres that are both ready for natural gas and wind farms.  The firm continues to expand its play area with twenty wells in Southeast Jack County. In 1998 Rich Green / Chevron / LNG and Chris Sanders experimented with a new stimulation technique that employed water as the fracturing fluid, required significantly less proppant and was about 60 percent less expensive than the conventional stimulation treatments. The technique proved successful and has since been implemented field wide.  September of 2005 the team completed its 77 successful well in the Barnett Shale using this process with the injection of treated carbon dioxide in water.  They also provide millions of cubic feet of oxygen to the atmosphere for our breathing environment because the substrate in the shale transforms this CO2 into both natural gas and oxygen. Since then a new frack method called the "soda pop" has been developed with 12 wells that have already pushed 22 million dollars in natural gas returns.  Currently, they are concentrating on the oil returns of the shale in the North West region of the play.
 

Chris Sanders with one of his conglomerate producers in the primary zone of the Barnett Shale play in between Denton and Decatur Texas

Devon with James Hall demonstrated a technique for economically completing the upper Barnett Shale interval, increasing reserves in their core area by 25 percent, or 250 million cubic feet per well, and expanding the play to previously marginal areas. This new completion technique in combination with a 60-acre spacing infill well drilling program is expected to allow Devon Energy to increase its Barnett Shale gas production and open up new areas for exploitation. (Devon perforated the upper zone which George Mitchell did not stimulate)

Chris Sanders drilling the barnett shale - the colonel

Natural Gas (NG) is Hydrogen (H) the only difference is removing the  (CO2).
Air Products and Sanco have discussed two joint venture programs involving CO2 extraction technologies from both the well head and also from the environment itself.  "The CO2 belongs under the surface of the earth where it can be anatomically changed - just as the plants do here on the surface - this substrate does under the earth - because of my findings I have mandated sustainable energy integration field wide on all of my locations and projects so that we can do something for the environment.  By using our natural gas more effectively the same amount of natural gas it takes to heat a sky scrapper can be converted into enough electricity to power an entire city!

xls energy experts in the conversion of natural gas to electricity

 

We are even taking stranded wells and turning them into electric providers.  Companies like XLS Energy are using our surplus natural gas in the Barnett shale because we have maximized our pipleline pressure capacity making it harder for us to sell natural gas and thus driving the price of natural gas down.  If you are an operator, landman, land owner, or pumper and have stranded wells contact xlsenergy@gmail.com


The very first Hydrogen fueling station in New Mexico was put into place by Robert Plarr with help from several sponsors.

California Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger and New Mexico Governor Bill Richardson are now a part of the Hydrogen HWY and family - The group pushes for Texas because of its proven natural gas resources and areas like the Barnett Shale which currently produce 5% of the nations natural gas supply that can be converted to provide 100% of the nations electrical and hydrogen needs from hydrogen fuel cell technology that provide oxygen as emissions.



 Company mandated sustainable integration on all company projects. 
These companies include:
Texas Environmental Energy Group, Inc.

 

1. Working Interest Partner Program available in The Barnett Shale play of Texas and The Monterey Shale play of California. You must be an Accredited Investor being represented by a firm with knowledge of the risks and tax benefits.

2. JV in the Barnett Shale starts at $5 - 20 + million per county area of mutual interest (AMI).

investor contact

Expansion Plans


We personally co invest in every project and offer 50% of a $26 million dollar package per county.  A $6 - $20 plus million dollar Joint Venture Plans that enables the JV to drill thousands of wells per county as the AMI - (area of mutual interest) together.  This plan usually includes 2 drilling rigs, 2 pulling units, 10 tank trucks, 4 semi flat beds, 2 cement trucks, acid trucks, downhole logger, bulldozer, and backhoe.  This plan also incorporates the installation of major wind farm projects in areas where this is an option and terms have been approved by the landowner and county. With the Oilfield Service Companies half of the fleet is kept rented out and the other is heads up for our mutual projects.


 

The group has dedicated their revenues for environmental remediation projects over the shale. - Through Mr. Clem Palmer and his friends at the (TCEQ)  Texas Commission on Environmental Quality - Mr. Sanders has agreed to  help remediate some of his projects which might include the Buffalo Bayou a 73 mile stretch of river connecting Houston Texas with the Gulf Of Mexico.  Already millions of trees are underway and ready for a new homes in Texas.  The tree is called a Kiri tree and produces 10 times more oxygen than any other tree and reduces 10 times more CO2 than any other tree.  It loves toxicity and cleans up areas and provides a great return on lumber yields equivalent to mahogany and teak.  In Texas returns of $500 million dollars per square mile are expected in five years - Thumbs up to the "Green Team"


SUSTAINABLE ANGELS

Life has had a very interesting international demand for my drilling practices.  No more requests for Iraq in fact I am looking at contracts to pull our boys into areas of oil production surrounding the major areas of conflict.  This year (2011) we have drilling contracts in China, Iraq, India, Kazakhstan, Mongolia, Qatar, Russia and Saudi. 



 

Mr. Torres will be in charge of our expansion efforts into Libya where we will also ascertain sustainable integration efforts for the nations people so that we may also provide clean water along with our normal oil and gas production routines. We will also be working with ways to use 12 volt solar powered dehumidification machines to provide clean water world wide on location, not only to our troops but to all nations in need as a sign of peace. 

The two lifelong friends are dedicated to saving lives and together with the help of Frank Dux the team will spread the word wide water plan to save lives and provide all with clean water from the atmosphere.  Just the knowledge alone of sustainable integration in third world countries makes a tremendous impact and saves lives providing all with the cleanest fresh water.

Throughout the United States we shall never be affected by a drought ever again! The answer is here through sustainable integration. Governor Bill Richardson has seen and understands the potential of hydrogen energy.

Regional Geology    
The subject prospect occurs in the Fort Worth Basin, which is one of most intensively drilled areas in the United States. There are several prominent pay zones as listed below, shallowest first: >
STRAWN SANDS Usually above 5000' ; occurs as channel sands, extremely productive locally.
CADDO LIME Occurs below the last Strawn Sand and may be thick and prolific as at Breckenridge.
CADDO CONGLOMERATES A series of coarse-grained sands particularly prolific in Montague County just to the northwest.
CONGLOMERATES The major pay in this area producing over 3 trillion cubic feet of gas in Wise County.
CONGLOMERATES ATOKA-BEND The major pay in this area producing over 3 trillion cubic feet of gas in Wise County.
MARBLE FALLS LIME A zone above the Barnett at about 7000'. This may produce in the Fletcher well.
BARNETT SHALE "SOURCE BED ROCK" Thick hydrocarbon rich shale between 100' -1000' thick occurring at depths below 7000' to as deep as 9000'.
OBSIDIAN Evidence of a massive explosion or super volcano. - perhaps Yellowstone
MISSISSIPPIAN REEF Thick and prolific but rare, reefs produce mostly to the west or in the Bend Arch.
VIOLA LIME Locally productive on structures in the northern portion of the Fort Worth Basin needs a structural trap.
Ellenberger The deepest pay at nearly 10,000' deep in the deeper portion of the Fort worth Basin needs a structural trap. two major epics the Devonian is missing Silurian is missing 100 of millions of years.

Key Advantages of Drilling and Producing in the Barnett Shale

The three key advantages of shale gas plays are as follows: moderate development costs, high success rates, and slow production decline rates. The rapid growth in the late 1980s and early 1990s in the Barnett Shale which is being repeated today in the Antrim Shale, and San Juan basins, is driven by the powerful economic incentives of low risks and low reserve finding costs. Recent technological advances in hydraulic fracturing, coupled with the application of multiple fracture stimulations over the life of a well to recover additional reserves create an attractive opportunity to produce in the Barnett Shale.

Nobuo, Chris, & Keiko

Over 700 hundred wells have been drilled in the Barnett without a dry hole. Many of these will produce over 1 BCF with the best at 2 BCF; some areas produce less with an average of about .5 BCF. The Barnett Shale gas has a BTU from 950 in the south to about 1250 in the Fletcher area, garnering a premium from $0.30 to $0.50/MCF. Barnett Shale wells have been producing for over 14 years, thus some wells may produce for 20 years or more.

For many large producers, their high overhead costs prohibit aggressively pursuing small, yet highly productive areas like the Barnett Shale.  However, for smaller operators like Carrillo, Chief, Conoco, Crown, Diablo, Eden Oil, Kiri Inc., EOG, Devon (DVN), LLANO, Magnetic, Marathon, Navajo, TNWO, Organic, Phillips 66, Photosynthesis, Prime Resources, Star of Texas, Texas Environmental Energy Group (TEEG) ,  TEMA, TRINITY, NESS, Maverick, 7777, (LNG) and ZuHone -  with operating and overhead cost structures streamlined, the Barnett Shale play truly becomes a success simply because of reserve potential and blanket coverage. - If you would like to offer a lease or property to any of these companies contact the county landman.



Angel Investors are dedicated to bring clean water and abundant and pure energy to the world. We have found the answer using solar, wind, and natural gas, in conjunction with the hydrogen fuel cell. The energy is clean and on two acres we can power 500,000 people with zero emissions while creating clean water.  Our goal is to build 600 hydrogen power plants.  America can have zero emissions. We get the Hydrogen from Natural Gas and convert it into electricity with zero emissions.  Say good bye to "Clean Coal" and hello to "Hydrogen, Oxygen, Water, and Natural Gas".  Our Angel Investor crew is ready to operate and build the Hydrogen Highway for the State of Texas - Currently,  Angel Investors are pushing Governor Rick Perry of Texas with the same environmentally conscious contracts signed by Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger of California and Governor Bill Richardson of New Mexico.

This is an interesting link that will show you the earths, oil production, population, births, deaths, carbon dioxide emissions and average temperature.

Chris Sanders, Frank Dux, and Keith Klinkhammer of Dux Inc.
 

Expert companies producing the Barnett shale include:



THE COUNTY LANDMAN

BASINS

THE ANADARKO BASIN THE APPALACHIAN BASIN   |   THE DJ BASIN  |    THE FORT WORTH BASIN   |   THE ILLINOIS BASIN   |  THE PERMIAN BASIN   |   THE WILLISTON BASIN

SHALE PLAYS

 THE BAKKEN SHALE  | THE HURON SHALE  |  THE NIOBRARA SHALE

(The piano music you are hearing was composed and performed by Christopher C. Sanders)

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